If you bought yourself an “iron horse”, you need to be prepared for the fact that periodically it must be inspected and make repairs or replace some parts. For some work it is necessary to involve experts and professional equipment. Lack of periodic repairs will result in scrap your car toronto.
In the process of operating the car very often there is a need to replace the sump gasket. It is possible to cope with the problem rather quickly, although, it must be said, it is a labor-intensive business. But in order to ensure that your “horse” ran quickly, and there were no dangerous situations on the roads, you can also work hard. All the more it is not for beauty (though sometimes a scratch on the car door can lead to serious consequences), but for good functioning of the motor.
This work, as already mentioned, is not complicated and it does not require any special technical knowledge and skills. The only thing you need is to strictly follow the instructions and listen to the advice of experienced motorists.
It is necessary to replace the oil pan gaskets only when the gasket is damaged or has changed its shape. Therefore, before going to the store for the necessary part, you need to find out the cause of the problem, maybe it is much easier than it seems.
Signs of damage and initial actions
If there are oil leaks around the edges of the oil sump in the direction of the cylinder block, it means that the gasket itself is no longer serviceable, and it must be replaced. This problem can be caused by insufficiently tightened mounting bolts. This can be caused by the fact that on a new car they were not tightened at the assembly stage. And on a used car, the bolts may have loosened during driving. Therefore, they need to be tightened. You need to do this carefully, because otherwise you can damage the head or break the threads.
Next you need to clean the oil pan from the remaining oil. Now you can continue to find out the cause of the leak. The gasket needs to be replaced if the oil continues to appear. If it happened on the road, you can get out of the situation with a sealant. But you need to remember that this measure is temporary, and once you get to your destination, it is imperative to begin repairing the gasket.
Removing the gasket
So, it is possible to proceed with the repair. It is necessary to use a pit or an elevator, if you have one. The further procedure is as follows.
From the crankcase remove the protection.
First it is necessary to remove oil from the engine. To prevent an air lock, unscrew the plug on the engine. Here you need to put a container to drain the oil. Now you need to unscrew the plug under the crankcase and wait for the oil to flow out.
It is very difficult to turn around under the bottom of the car, and this is necessary for the next steps. Therefore, you will have to lift the engine up a bit. To do this, you need to unscrew the fasteners of the engine cushions on both sides. To lift the motor, you need either a hand hoist or a cross-beam. If there is a crossbeam, unscrewing the nut will raise the motor by 3 centimeters. Therefore, it is very important that the studs do not fall out of the bracket.
Now unscrew the mounting bolts from the crankcase.
The sump is detached from the cylinder block using a screwdriver or any other suitable tool along with the gasket.
The remains of the gasket on the block must be scraped off. Some people do this with a knife, but this can scratch the block. It is safer to use a wooden or plastic tool. The main thing is to choose the one that best fits the size.
Disassembly completed, you can prepare a new gasket.
Installing the gasket
Before installing the new gasket, it is necessary to remove any oil residue on the pallet. Experienced car mechanics not only clean and wipe it, but also degrease it. The same should be done on the outside of the block. If possible you should take it off, wash and flush (it’s easier to use usual car pump) the so called “caterpillar”. When we will set it back, the rubber ring should be treated with sealant so that it was fixed more tightly.
After 3 millimeters from the edge you need to apply a row of the same sealant. The sealant is put in place quickly and tightly, the same layer of sealant is applied on top. Then the turn of the bolts, which should be tightened crosswise, that is, diagonally. It is necessary to avoid uneven compression of any side. This is in case there are no special instructions in the manual for their tightening.
When tightening the pallet, remember that it is pressed against the cylinder block. After tightening all the nuts, be sure to check for protruding parts of the gasket. If there are, it is unfortunate that you will have to redo everything. Sometimes it manages to stick firmly to the body. In this case, you will have to use a new part. If installed correctly, all parts are put back in place in the reverse order.